Ever wondered how the PC that you use is cooled ? or what are the components that are used in order to cool your PC down? Well, we got you covered. We have prepared a step by step visual guide of the types of cooling components used in your computer. You might understand the definition but then you might be wondering how
Each component that is inside your PC basically generates heat and it is necessary to cool those components down for proper functioning of your PC. The heat generated by the components may vary from component to component. They say greater the power consumption greater will be the heat generation, that is not entirely correct, a 200W GPU can generate more heat than a 650W PSU. Overheating of the components can decrease the life of the components greatly and also slow down your computer to a great extent. So it is advised to keep your PC clean and have a good cooling solutions installed.
Following are the most common types of solutions that are adapted in order to cool your PC down:
- Heat sink
- Air cooling
- Liquid cooling
- Liquid immersion cooling
This method of cooling involves a heat sink which is usually made out of copper or aluminium. The heat sink basically absorbs heat generated by the components and it dispels it with the help of an Air cooling fan. Many components use Heat sinks but the most common ones are the CPU and the GPU of your PC. In both the CPU and GPU the heat sink is directly attached above the processing chip with only a thermal compound in between them. The thermal compound fills any air gaps between the heat-producing component and the heat sink allowing more efficient transfer of heat. Be careful while apply the thermal compound as you do not want to apply too much of it.
Air cooling is a traditional and old method of cooling down the parts of the PC. It is being used since the start of computers. It basically involves fans rotating at high revolutions per minute (RPM) which helps the air in flowing towards a specific direction. A typical PC may have many Air cooling fans. Starting from the CPU, the heat sink is attached above your CPU chip with a thermal compound in between and above that heat sink a fan is attached which blows the generated hot air away from the CPU. Similarly the same is done for the GPUs.
Apart from the CPU and GPU Air cooling fans are used to keep other components cool or they may just be used to redirect that hot air away from the PC components. A good Air flow plays a vital role in keeping your PC at low temperatures. Different types of Case fans are used to either intake fresh air from outside the PC or to exhaust the hot air from inside the PC. These fans come in various sizes starting from 40mm and they go up to 250mm.
Fun fact : Air cooling is much cheaper than liquid cooling however it is less efficient at cooling your PC down.
Liquid cooling is a new and emerging way of cooling your PC and its components down. In liquid cooling, a liquid such as distilled water, coolants or some specific type of oil is used to keep the temperature of the components at the minimum. The heat which is released from the components is transferred to the radiator where air cooling is used in order to cool down the liquid. Although liquid cooling is very efficient and is considered to be much better than other methods of cooling it has its disadvantages as well, the main disadvantage is that there is slight chance of leakage of the coolants, that leaked coolant can damage up the components and can cause issues ranging from complete destruction of the components affected to major damage. A lot can happen 😀 but there is a very rare chance of such happening on a AIO cooling solutions.
AIO Cooling: This is the type of cooling for people who are new to the PC industry, have a limited budget or don’t wanna go over the hassle of a complete PC cooling loop which will be demonstrated below.AIO is short for “All In One”, which in this context refers to a liquid CPU cooler. An AIO combines the parts necessary to liquid-cool your CPU into a pre-packaged solution that you can set up within 15 to 20 minutes The AIO combines the water block, radiator, tubes, fans, fittings, and pump into 1 sleek package making it hassle-free and taking less space .
Following components are used in Extreme customized liquid cooling:
- Water block: Water block is a block through which heat is transferred from the component to the radiator. It comes for CPU, GPU and a few are
avaiblefor heatsinks on motherboards also
- Reservoir /Pump: Pump is the component which helps the liquid in flowing throughout the system and the reservoir basically stores the extra liquid which is to be used in cooling down the PC. The reservoir can also be attached to the pumps.
- Radiator: The function of the radiator is to cool down the liquid which is flowing throughout the components of the PC. The liquid/coolant passes through the radiator and the fins of the radiator absorb the heat from the coolant, the fins are also constantly cooled down by a fan. Fans play a vital role in liquid cooling.
- Tubing: Tubing is basically what connects every component with each other in liquid cooling. It comes in various colors and sizes depending upon your need.
- Fitting: Fitting helps in connecting the components to each other, they may be either used to connect tubes with tubes or tubes with the reservoir, radiator or the water block.
- Coolant: A coolant is a liquid which circulates in the whole PC to keep the PC and its components at a minimum temperature.
Fun fact: Liquid has much higher heat capacity than air. In
Liquid immersion cooling
Lastly, the liquid immersion cooling or we can call it a luxury which is not necessary. It is a technique in which the components of the PC are submerged/dunked in an oil called mineral oil which does not conduct electricity. The liquid is still pumped to the radiator to cool it down.
That’s all folks. Hope you liked the guide if you have any questions feel free to comment and our team will be more than happy to address your i
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